Monday, September 2, 2019
jacksonian :: essays papers
jacksonian Although the flood waters of poverty, unemployment, and famine known as the Great Depression began to recede under HooverÃ¢â¬â¢s administration, it was Franklin Delano Roosevelt and his administration who saw to the retreat of the destitute ways of life that had enveloped the nation. When FDR took office, he intended to change the government in order to include help for the plight of the Ã¢â¬Å"forgotten manÃ¢â¬ . He had a plan for the change known as the Ã¢â¬Å"New DealÃ¢â¬ . RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s New Deal programs aimed at three RÃ¢â¬â¢s - relief, recovery, and reform. Also, through his New Deal programs, one can see all he did during the Depression to relieve suffering and jump start the economy. In the New Deal program, Roosevelt had short and long - range goals. One of his first short-range goals was relief - especially in the first 100 days. At the time of RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s inauguration, one out of every four people was unemployed. Since FDR was intent upon ending human suffering first and foremost, he decided to be open about using federal money to aid the unemployed. With the okay from FDR, the Hundred Days Congress passed much legislation in order to help in the first short range goal - to give immediate relief. In 1933, Congress created the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), which provided employment in fresh - air government camps for about 3 million uniformed young men. Their work included reforestation, fire fighting, flood control, and swamp drainage. Also new in 1933 was the Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA). It was the first major effort of Congress to deal with the unemployed adults, and its chief purpose was immediate relief rather than long-range re covery. Other legislation passed by Congress included the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA), the Home OwnersÃ¢â¬â¢ Loan Corporation (HOLC), and Civil Works Administration (CWA). RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s other short - term goal, recovery, was also off to a good start in the first 100 days of FDRÃ¢â¬â¢s administration. There were many legislative acts passed by Congress in order to allow for a quick recovery for the nation. The two best examples of recovery in the first 100 days would be the Emergency Banking Relief Act, which allowed the president to regulate banking transactions and foreign exchange and to reopen solvent banks, and the National Industrial Recovery Act. The National Industrial Recovery Act, which created the National Recovery Administration (NRA), designed to assist industry, labor, and the unemployed, and the Public Works Administration (PWA), intended for industrial recovery, as well as unemployment relief.